You can either use citations or footnotes
or endnotes to refer the reader to where you found the information.
Provide citations whenever you use:
(a.) a summary in your own words of someone
(b.) a direct quotation
(c.) a table, chart, or diagram taken from
someone else's work.
Your own independent ideas and those
facts that are considered common knowledge are not footnoted or cited.
e.g. The sky is blue. <- This is common knowledge... if the sky
isn't blue what other colour would it be???
Each bracketed note or citation must POINT
directly to the entry for this source in the Works Cited list.
- If there is only one work by a
particular author, simply give author's last name and the page
e.g. (Walker 12)
- If a work has two authors, give the
last name of each and the page number.
e.g. (Moore and Smith 310-14)
- If the Works Cited list contains
more than one work by the same author, include the title and the
page number in the citation
e.g. (Stevens, Chemistry 299)
Identify the LOCATION of the
borrowed information as specifically as possible.
- Include the volume number where
e.g. (Smith 2: 123)
- In literary works give specific
information such as act, scene, and line numbers
e.g. (Shakespeare, King Lear II, i, 22)
- Omit page number for one page
articles or works arranged alphabetically, e.g. encyclopedia